Hard water is as a result of the formation of calcium and sodium compounds in the water among other metal cations. A water softener is a chemical substance that is used to reduce water hardness. Water hardness develops due to various reasons, for instance, recycled water can become hard if not treated properly. Water that is also contaminated by various chemicals can also develop hardness.
Water hardness creates many undesirable qualities in water. Hard water forms colloidal suspensions with detergent or soap making it difficult to use for any kind of washing. Hard water also forms plaque deposits along water pipes and in taps that not only makes the water unsafe for consumption but can also lead to the blocking of these water pipes. Using hard water also affects home appliances such as coffeemakers, kettles and blenders among others over time.
However, it is important to know that some of the substances used in softening of hard water may discharge sodium. Therefore, if an individual is on a low sodium diet, they should not consume water that has these sodium discharges. Formation of scum, plaque, and high concentration of salts are just some of the problems faced.
In order to choose a good water softener, it is important to understand its action in reducing water hardness. The following are some of the ways through which the water softener Maple Groveworks:
* There are two main targets of removing water hardness. These are removal of these calcium and magnesium ions or formation of calcium and magnesium ions that are soluble and less harmful. Therefore, any water softener should be able to achieve any of the above functions. Complete removal of metal cations in water requires very sophisticated processes and equipment and therefore this kind of treatment cannot be done at home. Large scale water treatment plants use this method. However, softening water by formation of stable compounds is what most household water softeners achieve.
* There are substances referred to as chelating agents or sequestering agents, which form compounds with the magnesium ions to remove water hardness. These compounds can be used in a water treatment plant or produced in household use varieties to help in water softening.
* Lime soda is a substance that contains carbonates, which reacts with the calcium and magnesium ions to form hydroxides through a series of reactions. Hydroxides are less harmless in water and do not form plaque or colloidal suspensions. The formation of stable compounds makes it easier to use the water without formation of undesirable suspensions.
* Water softeners are important to have within the home. Therefore, one can enquire from plumbers and other professionals to find out the best type of water softener to use in the home.