Indications and the Need for Composite Fillings

A dental filling is a dental procedure for the removal of caries. First, the tooth with decay is cleaned, and an etching is performed on the enamel. Then, an adhesive is placed, serving to support the filler material when it is applied. Composite Fillings are placed, and the layers are hardened with an application of a halogen light. The filler material will leave molding behind, designed to restore the tooth to its original shape and thereby recover its functionality. The process ends with the dentist polishing the dental filling to brighten it up.

It is possible that after the filling, the patient will feel sensitivity to very hot or very cold foods or drinks. Although you can apply some sort of varnish to prevent it, if the problem persists, you must remove the filling and make a new one. The indications of dental filling range from small cavities to rebuilding badly damaged teeth. Sometimes, a temporary dental filling with plastic materials is placed to give the dentist time to make the final product. Composite Fillings are only contraindicated if the front teeth are damaged due to characteristic bruxism.

Different types of dental filling, depending on the fillers used consist of:

  • Metal: Silver amalgam, gold and copper are the most frequently used. They are the most durable (up to 30 years) but have the disadvantage of a low aesthetic value. Until recently mercury was also used, but in many countries it has been removed because of its toxicity.
  • Resin: This can recover the original appearance of the tooth, even in color. The materials used today are ceramics and plastic materials (composites). The downside is that, despite its aesthetic achievement, the lifespan is lower: a maximum of 10 years. They are commonly used in the front teeth. These materials are also used to mask dental defects (differences in size, spacing, etc.) and discoloration.

It should finally be noted that, although the average length of a dental filling is ten years, everything will depend largely on the patient’s habits and oral health. This is why you need to submit to an annual review for cleaning and a checkup. For more information, visit today.

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